Department of Civil Engineering

Hydraulics - CE305

Credits : 3

Prerequisites :-

Compulsory/Optional : Compulsory

To provide knowledge on analysis of open channel flows, transient pipe flows and boundary layer flows with their applications in practice.
Intended Learning Outcomes
On successful completion of the course, the students should be able to;

  1. Solve simple viscous fluid flows using Navier-Stokes equations, explain approach to solve turbulent boundary layers flows and estimate drag forces.
  2. Compute transient pressure fluctuations in pipelines (water hammer), mass oscillations in surge tanks caused by sudden changes of discharges and to introduce appropriate surge control devices.
  3. Apply mathematical principles for the analysis of steady, non-uniform flows in open channels using energy and momentum considerations and to analyse flow profiles for steady, non-uniform open channel flows.
  4. Analysis and design unlined channels on erodible beds.
  5. Apply simple computational models for free surface flow computations.
Course content/Course description
  1. Viscous flow: Navier-Stokes equation; some solutions; flow past solid boundaries; boundary and turbulent boundary layers, flow separation, drag, Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equation
  2. Hydraulic transients in pipes: Governing equations of unsteady flow, rigid column theory, mass oscillation in surge tanks, elastic theory, water hammer, cavitation, Surge control
  3. Frictionless flow in open channel: Specific energy and flow force hydraulic jump, flow transients, flow measurements
  4. Resistance in open channel flow: Uniform flow; Chezy’s equation, Manning’s equation, gradually varied flow, flow profiles
  5. Sediment transport in open channels: Initiation of sediment motion, stable channel design, transport formulae, erosion and deposition
  6. Free surface flow computations: Unsteady flows, Saint Venant equation, numerical modeling concepts, introduction to software applications
Recommended Texts
  1. Henderson, FM 1966, Open Channel Flow, MacMillan Publishing Co INC, New York.
  2. French, RH 1986, Open Channel Hydraulics, McGraw Hill, New York.
  3. White, FM 1994, Fluid Mechanics, McGraw Hill, New York.
  4. Massey, BS 1994, Mechanics of Fluids, Taylor& Francis, London and New York.
  5. Douglas, FM, Gasoriek, JM, Swaffield, JA & Jack, LB 2011, Fluid Mechanics, 6th edn, Prentice Hall.
Time Allocation Hours
Lectures 37
Tutorials 6
Practical -
Assignments 4
Assessment Percentage Marks
Tutorials/Assignments/Course Work/Quizzes 30
Mid Semester Examination 20
End-semester 50

Department of Civil Engineering